NMap Cookbook

Posted online by anonymous

Basic Scanning Techniques Scan a Single Target
nmap [target]
Scan Multiple Targets
nmap [target1, target2, etc]
Scan a List of Targets
nmap -iL [list.txt]
Scan a Range of Hosts
nmap [range of ip addresses]
Scan an Entire Subnet
nmap [ip address/cdir]
Scan Random Hosts
nmap -iR [number]
Excluding Targets from a Scan
nmap [targets] –exclude [targets]
Excluding Targets Using a List
nmap [targets] –excludefile [list.txt]
Perform an Aggressive Scan
nmap -A [target]
Scan an IPv6 Target
nmap -6 [target]
Click past the jump too see the complete list…
Discovery Options
Perform a Ping Only Scan
nmap -sP [target]
Don’t Ping
nmap -PN [target]
nmap -PS [target]
nmap -PA [target]
UDP Ping
nmap -PU [target]
nmap -PY [target]
ICMP Echo Ping
nmap -PE [target]
ICMP Timestamp Ping
nmap -PP [target]
ICMP Address Mask Ping
nmap -PM [target]
IP Protocol Ping
nmap -PO [target]
ARP Ping
nmap -PR [target]
nmap –traceroute [target]
Force Reverse DNS Resolution
nmap -R [target]
Disable Reverse DNS Resolution
nmap -n [target]
Alternative DNS Lookup
nmap –system-dns [target]
Manually Specify DNS Server(s)
nmap –dns-servers [servers] [target]
Create a Host List
nmap -sL [targets]
Advanced Scanning Functions
nmap -sS [target]
TCP Connect Scan
nmap -sT [target]
UDP Scan
nmap -sU [target]
nmap -sN [target]
nmap -sF [target]
Xmas Scan
nmap -sX [target]
nmap -sA [target]
Custom TCP Scan
nmap –scanflags [flags] [target]
IP Protocol Scan
nmap -sO [target]
Send Raw Ethernet Packets
nmap –send-eth [target]
Send IP Packets
nmap –send-ip [target]
Port Scanning Options

Perform a Fast Scan
nmap -F [target]
Scan Specific Ports
nmap -p [port(s)] [target]
Scan Ports by Name
nmap -p [port name(s)] [target]
Scan Ports by Protocol
nmap -sU -sT -p U:[ports],T:[ports] [target]
Scan All Ports
nmap -p “*” [target]
Scan Top Ports
nmap –top-ports [number] [target]
Perform a Sequential Port Scan
nmap -r [target]
Version Detection
Operating System Detection
nmap -O [target]
Submit  TCP/IP Fingerprints

Attempt to Guess an Unknown OS
nmap -O –osscan-guess [target]
Service Version Detection
nmap -sV  [target]
Troubleshooting Version Scans
nmap -sV –version-trace [target]
Perform a RPC Scan
nmap -sR [target]
Timing Options
Timing Templates
nmap -T[0-5] [target]
Set the Packet TTL
nmap –ttl [time] [target]
Minimum # of Parallel Operations
nmap –min-parallelism [number] [target]
Maximum #  of Parallel Operations
nmap –max-parallelism [number] [target]
Minimum Host Group Size
nmap –min-hostgroup [number] [targets]
Maximum Host Group Size
nmap –max-hostgroup [number] [targets]
Maximum RTT Timeout
nmap –initial-rtt-timeout [time] [target]
Initial RTT Timeout
nmap –max-rtt-timeout [TTL] [target]
Maximum Retries
nmap –max-retries [number] [target]
Host Timeout
nmap –host-timeout [time] [target]
Minimum Scan Delay
nmap –scan-delay [time] [target]
Maximum Scan Delay
nmap –max-scan-delay [time] [target]
Minimum Packet Rate
nmap –min-rate [number] [target]
Maximum Packet Rate
nmap –max-rate [number] [target]
Defeat Reset Rate Limits
nmap –defeat-rst-ratelimit [target]
Firewall Evasion Techniques
Fragment Packets
nmap -f [target]
Specify a Specific MTU
nmap –mtu [MTU] [target]
Use a Decoy
nmap -D RND:[number] [target]
Idle Zombie Scan
nmap -sI [zombie] [target]
Manually Specify a Source Port
nmap –source-port [port] [target]
Append Random Data
nmap –data-length [size] [target]
Randomize Target Scan Order
nmap –randomize-hosts [target]
Spoof MAC Address
nmap –spoof-mac [MAC|0|vendor] [target]
Send Bad Checksums
nmap –badsum [target]
Output Options
Save Output to a Text File
nmap -oN [scan.txt] [target]
Save Output to a XML File
nmap -oX [scan.xml] [target]
Grepable Output
nmap -oG [scan.txt] [targets]
Output All Supported File Types
nmap -oA [path/filename] [target]
Periodically Display Statistics
nmap –stats-every [time] [target]
133t Output
nmap -oS [scan.txt] [target]
Troubleshooting and Debugging
Getting Help
nmap -h
Display Nmap Version
nmap -V
Verbose Output
nmap -v [target]
nmap -d [target]
Display Port State Reason
nmap –reason [target]
Only Display Open Ports
nmap –open [target]
Trace Packets
nmap –packet-trace [target]
Display Host Networking
nmap –iflist
Specify a Network  Interface
nmap -e [interface] [target]
Nmap Scripting Engine
Execute Individual Scripts
nmap –script [script.nse] [target]
Execute Multiple Scripts
nmap –script [expression] [target]
Script Categories
all, auth, default, discovery, external, intrusive, malware, safe, vuln

Execute Scripts by Category
nmap –script [category] [target]
Execute Multiple Script Categories
nmap –script [category1,category2,etc]
Troubleshoot Scripts
nmap –script [script] –script-trace [target]
Update the Script Database
nmap –script-updatedb
Comparison Using Ndiff
ndiff [scan1.xml] [scan2.xml]
Ndiff Verbose Mode
ndiff -v [scan1.xml] [scan2.xml]
XML Output Mode
ndiff –xml [scan1.xml] [scan2.xml]

Information is taken from the original link below, it’s now been updated and is broken. You can use Google to find more information if necessary.


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